In 2018, 100 years have passed since the establishment of the Central Statistical Office. On this occasion, the Statistical Office in Warsaw prepared the “Statistical Atlas of Mazowieckie Voivodship” presenting the spatial diversity of social and economic phenomena in the region. The Mazovia is considered one of the most internally diversified voivodships in Poland. This results from the dominating position of Warsaw and dynamically developing metropolitan area surrounded by areas struggling with the problems of depopulation, unemployment and low entrepreneurship.

In the study, using cartograms and cartodiagrams as well as numerous charts, issues related to human capital, quality of life, economy and environment as well as selected data for regions (NUTS 2) of the European Union were presented. The illustrative nature of the publication enables observation of regional diversity, which is the most important challenge for the European Union's cohesion policy.